Diabetes in Newham

Diabetes is a growing health problem and in Newham more people than the national average develop diabetes, particularly type 2 diabetes. This is partly due to high levels of deprivation and partly because a large proportion of Newham residents come from ethnic groups who at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. There are currently over 20,800 people living with diabetes in Newham and more than 1,600 people being newly diagnosed each year.

Diabetes and You
Diabetes, or to give its full name, ‘diabetes mellitus’, is a common condition in which the amount of sugar (glucose) in the blood is too high because the body is not able to use it properly. This is because your pancreas either does not produce any insulin or not enough to help glucose enter your body’s cells – or the insulin that is produced does not work properly (known as insulin resistance).
Insulin is the hormone produced by the pancreas that allows glucose to enter the body’s cells, where it is used as fuel for energy so we can work, play and generally live our lives.

Diabetes types
There are two main types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2 and although diabetes cannot presently be cured, it can be controlled and you can lead a full and active life.

Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes develops when there is no production of insulin in the body because all the cells in the pancreas that produce the insulin have been destroyed. This type of diabetes develops quickly, usually over a few weeks and it mainly affects children or young adults.

Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes develops when the body is not able to produce enough insulin for its needs, or when the body’s insulin does not work properly. It usually appears in people over the age of 35, but it can occur at a younger age. Most people have this type of diabetes.

Want to find out more?
To find out more about diabetes and living with diabetes in Newham, or to find out more about blood glucose testing if you have type 2 diabetes, please download the information pack on the right hand side of this page. Alternatively you can download the audio version which is compatible with Windows media player and other non-Apple players.